Although the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted supply chains for many industry sectors worldwide, the forest products industry has remained fairly strong.
Many commodity products saw reduced trade during March and April as a result of reduced demand, closures of manufacturing facilities to protect workers, constraints in the handling capacity of goods at many ports, and widespread financial distress.
However, the demand for toilet paper, face masks, disinfecting wipes, corrugated paper for cardboard boxes, and wood products for home renovations are just a few forest products that have been in unusually high demand in many countries. Taking a closer look at the March 2020 trade data, the global trade of lumber, logs, wood chips and pulp increased in March as compared to the previous month. The following snapshot illustrates a few interesting examples of positive developments in the forest industry sector from February to March this year:
- Softwood Logs – China increased imports by 14% month-on-month (m-o-m), with most of the added logs originating from New Zealand, Germany and Russia. Log imports to South Korea rose 19%, while Australia and Canada shipped about 70% more logs in March than in the previous month.
- Softwood Lumber – Lumber shipments from New Zealand and Canada were up 32% and 25% m-o-m, respectively. Lumber importation was up in most of the major markets in March, including China (+59% m-o-m), the United States (+27%), the United Kingdom (+13%) and Japan (+10%).
- Wood Pulp – Three of the four largest pulp-exporting countries, Brazil, the United States and Chile, increased their shipments between 12% and 26% in March (m-o-m). The five top importing countries all purchased more pulp in March than in February, with China and South Korea increasing their volumes the most (40% and 29% respectively).
- Hardwood Chips – China, Portugal and South Korea imported more chips for their pulp industry in March than in the previous month. Most of the major chip-exporting countries, including Australia, Thailand, South Africa and Brazil, shipped more chips in March than in February.
In the coming months, numerous countries around the world are planning to ease lockdown policies and loosen the rules that are restricting house constructions, international commerce and consumer shopping. These changes may further benefit many companies in the forest industry sector. However, expect a rough road ahead.
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